What Are The Basics of Gardening?

Dr. Eric Berg

May 31, 2023


Gardening is an excellent way to connect with nature, get some exercise, and beautify your home all at once. Getting started can seem daunting whether you’re a seasoned pro or a beginner. With so many plants, tools, and techniques available, it’s hard to know where to start. However, anyone can create a beautiful and thriving garden with the right approach.

This article will cover the basics of gardening, including choosing the right site for your garden, the tools you’ll need, and the best plants for beginners. We’ll also discuss maintenance tips to keep your garden healthy and vibrant.

Choosing the Right Site

Before planting, you must choose the right spot for your garden. Most plants require plenty of sunshine, so look for a location with at least six hours of direct sunlight daily. If you don’t have a lot of space, consider starting a container garden instead. Containers can be placed on balconies, patios, or indoors near a sunny window.

Next, make sure your garden has good soil drainage. Plants don’t like to sit in wet soil, leading to root rot and other problems. If you’re not sure about your soil’s drainage, do a simple test by digging a hole about a foot deep and filling it with water. You should be okay if the water drains away within an hour or two. If not, you may need to improve soil drainage by adding organic matter such as compost or vermiculite.

Tools You’ll Need

Once you’ve chosen your site, you’ll need to gather some basic tools to help you get started. Here are a few items you’ll need:

Gloves: Protect your hands from thorns, dirt, and other hazards with a good pair of gardening gloves.

Trowel: Use a trowel to dig holes for your plants and remove weeds.

Watering can or hose: Water is essential for healthy plants, so ensure you have a reliable watering system.

Pruners: Use pruners to trim back dead or diseased foliage and shape your plants.

Wheelbarrow: A wheelbarrow is handy for moving heavy items such as bags of soil or large plants.

Best Plants for Beginners

Now that your site and tools are ready, it’s time to choose some plants. As a beginner, it’s best to start with easy-to-grow varieties that require minimal maintenance. Here are some excellent options to consider:

Tomatoes: Tomatoes are easy to grow and produce a bountiful harvest. Just make sure to stake them or provide support as they grow.

Herbs: Herbs such as basil, parsley, and thyme are great for container gardens and add flavor to your meals.

Zinnias: These colorful flowers are easy to grow and attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies.

Succulents: Succulents are hardy and require very little water, making them perfect for beginners.

Peppers: Like tomatoes, peppers are easy to grow and come in many varieties, from sweet to spicy.

Maintenance Tips

Now that your garden is up and running, it’s important to maintain it to stay healthy and vibrant. Here are a few tips to keep in mind:

Water regularly: Most plants need about an inch of water per week, so water your garden regularly.

Deadhead flowers: Removing spent blooms will encourage your plants to produce more flowers.

Fertilize as needed: Some plants may need additional nutrients to thrive. Follow the instructions on your fertilizer and apply it as needed.

Monitor for pests and diseases: Check for signs of pests or diseases, such as holes in leaves or discoloration. If you spot any problems, address them quickly to prevent them from spreading.


Starting a garden can be a rewarding experience that brings beauty and joy to your home. By following these basic tips and tricks, you’ll be well on your way to creating a lush and thriving garden. Remember to choose the right site, gather the necessary tools, choose beginner-friendly plants, and keep up with maintenance to ensure your garden stays healthy and vibrant. Happy gardening!